Many shippers now actively assess the environmental impact of their supply chain. Shippers increasingly prioritize "ESG" scores, with a specific focus on the "E" for the environment. Within the transportation industry, the pivotal question centers on quantifying greenhouse emissions from ocean, rail, and trucking. This session will address the following questions: What benefits does intermodal rail offer, and how are railroads actively developing zero-emission or lower-emission alternatives to diesel locomotives? Is the option of hydrogen-powered locomotives feasible? It also will examine the challenges of implementing zero-emission vehicles in trucking. Are these vehicles too expensive? What stumbling blocks are trucking companies encountering in obtaining electricity from power companies to charge these trucks? Where would these vehicles best be used? How much freight can a zero-emissions truck handle compared to a conventional truck? And importantly, how can we get the multimodal view of carbon emissions across ocean, rail, and truck that many shippers say they want?